civil lawyer

The functions of a civil lawyer and a civil litigation attorney are diverse but interwoven in the complex landscape of legal processes. A civil lawyer is a key character in non-criminal proceedings, specializing in everything from personal injury to family law and corporate issues. This article dives into the details that distinguish these legal experts, emphasizing their roles and the types of cases they handle. This thorough handbook aims to empower persons in need of legal aid by discussing the qualifications required for these roles and providing guidance on selecting the correct legal representative.

Understanding the Distinction Between Civil Lawyer and Civil Litigation Attorney

What is a Civil Lawyer?

A civil lawyer is a legal professional specializing in handling non-criminal cases. This type of lawyer deals with matters such as personal injury, family law, and business disputes. They offer legal aid, advice, and representation in civil matters, guiding clients through negotiations and court proceedings.

Types of Cases Handled by Civil Lawyers

Civil lawyers handle a range of cases including, but not limited to:

  • Personal Injury: Representing clients who have been physically or psychologically injured due to the negligence of others.
  • Family Law: Dealing with family-related issues and domestic relations such as divorce, child custody, and alimony.
  • Business Disputes: Handling disputes between businesses or between a business and an individual, which can involve contracts, employment laws, and partnership disputes.

What is a Civil Litigation Attorney?

A civil litigation attorney is a lawyer who specializes in the litigation aspect of civil law. They represent clients in trials, hearings, arbitrations, and mediations before administrative agencies, foreign tribunals, and federal, state, and local courts.

Types of Cases Handled by Civil Litigation Attorneys

Civil litigation attorneys typically handle cases involving:

  • Business Disputes: Representing clients in complex business litigation matters.
  • Real Estate Matters: Handling disputes over property ownership, landlord-tenant disputes, and zoning issues.
  • Personal Injury Cases: Representing clients seeking compensation for injuries sustained due to others’ negligence.

Qualifications and Expertise

Educational Background and Qualifications

Both civil lawyers and civil litigation attorneys must earn a law degree and pass the bar examination in their practicing state. Additional certifications or specializations in specific areas of law can enhance a lawyer’s expertise.

Experience and Specialization

Experience and specialization play a crucial role in a lawyer’s ability to effectively represent their clients. Civil lawyers and civil litigation attorneys often focus on particular areas of civil law, gaining in-depth knowledge and experience in those fields.

How to Choose the Right One

Questions to Ask

When seeking legal representation, it is important to ask potential lawyers about their experience in handling similar cases, their approach to representing clients, and their track record of success.

Considerations When Selecting Legal Representation

  • Expertise in Relevant Law Area: Ensure the lawyer has experience in the specific area of civil law relevant to your case.
  • Communication Skills: Choose a lawyer who is communicative and keeps you informed throughout the legal process.
  • Client Reviews and Testimonials: Look for reviews or ask for references to gauge the lawyer’s reputation and client satisfaction.

civil lawyer


Understanding the difference between a civil lawyer and a civil litigation attorney is crucial when seeking legal assistance. By knowing the specific expertise and types of cases each handles, you can make an informed decision about the right legal representation for your needs.

For a free consultation with a qualified civil lawyer or civil litigation attorney, contact JMM’s attorneys today.

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